Wheat is the only grain with sufficient gluten content to make raised or leavened loaf of bread. Wheat flour is undoubtedly one of the most important foods in our diet, not because of its nutrition but because of our habit and we cannot eliminate wheat flour from our diet. In India, a meal is not complete with rotis and in western countries, one cannot imagine a meal without bread. No matter how badly a person would like to lose weight but he/she cannot remove wheat flour from the diet.
The whole wheat flour is dark brown in color and is used in making rotis and parathas whereas the white wheat flour which is also called as enriched wheat flour is used in bread, cookies, cakes etc. The whole wheat flour has more nutritional values than the enriched wheat flour because of that only, people nowadays are opting to use whole wheat flour in their diet.
An excellent source of complex carbohydrates is wheat flour. Wheat flour contains B-vitamins, calcium, folacin, iron, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, zinc, minimal amounts of sodium and other trace elements. Other than gluten flour, all types of wheat flour contains 9 to 15 percent of calories derived from protein. Not more than 5 percent calories are derived from fat. Because of its excellent nutritional value, the wheat flour has become the most consumed flour in this world.